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 another Batch Tutorial

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shad0w



Number of posts : 173
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Registration date : 2009-03-18
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PostSubject: another Batch Tutorial   Sat Mar 21, 2009 12:56 am

the words in ( ) are just remarks.. they wont appear
to start off there is the @echo off/on
and there is echo
and pause

so here is an example
Code:
@echo off
echo Hello This is a test
pause
type this in notepad and save as test.bat
launch it
it will look like this



Quote :
Hello This is a test
Press any key to continue...

Again open notepad and write:


Code:
@echo on
echo Hello This is a test
pause

and save it on the desktop as test2.bat
launch it , it will look like this
>

Code:
C:\Documents and Settings\User\Desktop>echo Hello This is a test
Hello This is a test
C:\Documents and Settings\User\Desktop>pause
Press any key to continue

So for the explanation
@echo off/on:
if you put @echo on it will show the directory as you just saw
if you put @echo off it will just show the words with no directories
so its best to use @echo off

echo:
If you want to type a simple phrase just type in echo and something in this case echo Hello This is a test
which will show Hello This is a test

pause
pause will pause the batch file,if you press a key the batch will continue in this case it will exit because there is no more left
so try this
Code:
@echo off
echo Hello This is a test
pause
echo I am testing pause
pause
This will show
Quote :
Hello This is a test
Press Any Key To Continue...
(when you press a key it will show)
I am testing a pause
Press Any key to continue..

so that convers the pause command

Now some more commands
there is msg *
and there is cls

open notepad and write:

Code:
@echo off
echo Hello This is a test
pause
cls
echo I am testing pause
msg * The End
pause
and save as test3.bat

This will show


Quote :
Hello This is a test
Press Any Key To Continue...
(when you press a key it will show)
cls
(the page will clear)
I am testing a pause
(a pop-up will show saying The End)
Press Any key to continue..
So .. cls will just clear the screen
and msg * will bring up a pop-up:D

other commands are REM and goto and start
so create a folder name it Test
put any picture inside and name it testpic
open notepad and type
Code:
@echo off
echo Testing start and rem
rem title Test
start testpic.jpg (or any other extension)
pause

and save it inside the new folder as test4.bat

launch it , it will show:
Quote :
Testing start and rem
Press Any Key To Continue
(and the picture will launch)
so start will launch any file
and rem is a remark.. which wont show in the bat file when running

now the goto and set and if

type this inside notepad
Code:
@echo off
echo This is a test
echo If you want to do math type 1 and press enter
echo If you want to see a picture type 2 and press enter
set /p option=
if '%option%'=='1' goto :math
if '%option%'=='2' start testpic.jpg (or any extension)

:math
echo 2+2
pause
and save it inside the new folder

this will show
Quote :
This is a test
If you want to do math type 1 and press enter
if you want to see a picture type 2 and press enter
(here you can type 1 or 2 and press enter)
(if you press 2 and Enter the picture will load)
(if you press 1 and enter this will show up):
2+2
Press any key to continue...
so goto will go to a Label or a Part of the file
when you put :Math
a new label will be named Math and when you put goto :math
the batch will go to :math

set
the set option will set something Very Happy.. here its going to set :choice
the set is , in some options followed by if
so if I type 1 in this example
the "choice" will be 1 .. and it will go to :math because we put
if '%choice%'=='1' goto :math
so if we put 1 the choice will be 1 therefore it will goto :math

i am going to talk about call,exit,and SHIFT

go into notepad and type this
Code:
@echo off
echo yay me i know the basics of batch
call call.bat
pause
exit

and save in a new folder:)

then open note pad and type this again
Code:
@echo off
echo I Love S*X
pause

and save in the same folder that you save the last one... and name it call.bat

launch the first one
this will show
Quote :
yay me i know the basics of batch
I Love S*X
Press Any Key To Continue....
(when you press a key the below will appear)
Press Any Key To Continue...
and when you press a key it will exit

ok.. so now you know what exit does.. it exits the file Imao
and call ,calls in another batch file!!..
so now for SHIFT which is a little hard so try to understand


SHIFT [/n]

If Command Extensions are enabled the SHIFT command supports the /n switch which tells the command to start shifting at the nth argument, where n euh.. can be between zero and eight.
just like this 1 below

SHIFT /2

would shift %3 to %2, %4 to %3, etc. and leave %0 and %1 ..euh.. how can i say it.. .:S.. unaffected yea thats the word .

Examples

the below has got to be saved as .bat.. so just name it test:)

@ECHO OFF
ECHO - %1
SHIFT
ECHO - %1

After creating the above example test.bat file, if you were to type the below command at the MS-DOS prompt, it would print "- ONE" and then "- TWO"; this command is commonly used to work through each of the command extensions or remove command extensions.
(SHIFT , i mean the explanation... i got it from a website and edited it)

Ok I hope you understand

Now we will learn how to launch windows applications:
type in notepad:
Code:
@echo off
echo I am testing notepad!
start /MIN notepad
pause
This will show
Quote :
i am testing notepad
(and notepad will start minimized.. if you put /MAX instead of /MIN it will launch maximized)
Press Any Key To Continue
Now lets learn how to put a timeout inside a batch..

goto notepad and type:
Code:
@echo off
echo i am trying timeout
set wait=0
:pause1
set /a wait=%wait%+1
if %wait% leq 1000 goto pause1
echo IT WORKED!\
pause
dont understand the command.. just copy paste it.. or memorize it .. if i tell you the explanation it will take years!!..

so this will show :
Quote :
i am trying timeout
(couple of seconds and.. )
Press Any Key To Continue...
Now ill teach you how to change the TIME

goto notepad and type:
Code:
@echo off
echo Gee!.. i wonder what time it is!!
TIME 5:50
echo Oh so its 5:50
pause
this will show:
Quote :
Gee!.. i wonder what time its is!!
Oh so its 5:50
The TIME will just change The TIME:PImao

Now the Color

go into notepad and type this
Code:
@echo off
echo trying the colors
pause
color 04
echo testing
pause
color f
echo trying
pause
color 4f
echo trying
pause
04=background black and font red
f the font will be white
4f = background red and f = white

Here are the list(that can be found by cmd>color help)
0=black
1=blue
2=green
3=aqua
4=red
5=purple
6=yellow
7=white
8=gray
9=light blue
a=light green
b=light aqua
c=light red
d=light purple
e=light yellow
f=bright white

So this will show Imao
i wont tell try it!!.Razz

now the title

type this in notepad
Code:
@echo off
tile Test
echo trying the title
pause
this will show the title Test When you launch it!!

lets try Shutdown/Restart

type this in Notepad
Quote :
@echo off
START C:\Windows\RUNDLL.EXE user.exe,exitwindowsexec
exit
The above will restart
Code:
@echo off
Shut down the computer

C:\Windows\RUNDLL32.EXE user,exitwindows
exit

The Above will Shutdown
That is all
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